Chapter 1.  Installation with YaST

Table of Contents

1.1. System Start-up for Installation
1.2. The Boot Screen
1.3. Language Selection
1.4. Installation Mode
1.5. Installation Suggestion
1.6. Finishing the Installation
1.7. Hardware Configuration
1.8. Graphical Login


This chapter systematically guides you through the installation of the SUSE LINUX system with the SUSE LINUX system assistant YaST. The description of the preparation of the installation process is accompanied by background information to assist you in making the right decisions in the individual configuration stages.

1.1. System Start-up for Installation

Insert the first SUSE LINUX CD or the DVD into the drive. Then reboot the computer to start the installation program from the medium in the drive.

1.1.1. Possible Problems when Booting the System

Problems can arise booting from the CD or DVD if you have older or unsupported hardware. Your CD-ROM drive might not be able to read the boot image on CD 1. In this case, use CD 2 to boot the system. CD 2 contains a conventional 2.88 MB boot image that can be read even by unsupported drives and allows you to perform the installation over the network.

The boot sequence might not be set correctly in the BIOS. Instructions for how to change the BIOS settings are available in the documentation of your motherboard. Basic instructions are provided in the following paragraphs.

The BIOS is the software that enables the very basic functions of a computer. Motherboard vendors provide a BIOS specifically made for their hardware. Normally, the BIOS setup can only be accessed at a specific time — when the machine is booting. During this initialization phase, the machine performs a number of diagnostic hardware tests. One of them is a memory check, indicated by a memory counter. When the counter appears, look for a line, usually below the counter or somewhere at the bottom, mentioning the key to press to access the BIOS setup. Usually the key to press is Del, F1, or Esc. Press this key until the BIOS setup screen appears.

[Important]Keyboard Layout in the BIOS

The BIOS configuration often uses a US keyboard layout.

To change the boot sequence in an AWARD BIOS, look for the BIOS FEATURES SETUP entry. Other manufacturers may have a different name for this, such as ADVANCED CMOS SETUP. When you have found the entry, select it and confirm with Enter.

In the screen that opens, look for a subentry called BOOT SEQUENCE. The boot sequence is often set to something like C,A or A,C. In the former case, the machine first searches the hard disk (C) then the floppy drive (A) to find a bootable medium. Change the settings by pressing PgUp or PgDown until the sequence is A,CDROM,C.

Leave the BIOS setup screen by pressing Esc. To save the changes, select SAVE & EXIT SETUP or press F10. To confirm that your settings should be saved, press Y.

If you have a SCSI CD-ROM drive, change the setup of the SCSI BIOS. In the case of an Adaptec host adapter, for instance, open the setup by pressing Ctrl-A. Then select Disk Utilities, which displays the connected hardware components. Make a note of the SCSI ID for your CD-ROM drive. Exit the menu with Esc then open Configure Adapter Settings. Under Additional Options, select Boot Device Options and press Enter. Enter the ID of the CD-ROM drive and press Enter again. Then press Esc twice to return to the start screen of the SCSI BIOS. Exit this screen and confirm with Yes to boot the computer.

1.1.2. Boot Options

Boot options other than CD or DVD exist and can be used if problems arise booting from CD or DVD. These options are described in Table 1.1. “Boot Options”.

Table 1.1. Boot Options

Boot OptionDescription
CD-ROM This is the easiest boot option. This option can be used if the system has a local CD-ROM drive that is supported by Linux.
Floppy The images for generating boot floppies are located on CD 1 in the directory /boot/. A README is available in the same directory.
PXE or BOOTP This must be supported by the system's BIOS or firmware and a boot server must be available in the network. This task can also be handled by another SUSE LINUX system.
Hard Disk SUSE LINUX can also be booted from the hard disk. To do this, copy the kernel (linux) and the installation system (initrd) from the directory /boot/loader on CD 1 to the hard disk and add the appropriate entry to the boot loader.